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Commercial space ONE EXIT ONLY.

Discussion in 'Door & Hardware forum *Sponsored by Allegion' started by BMan, Sep 25, 2019.

  1. BMan

    BMan Registered User

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    Commercial retail space, single exit/entrance. Ground floor. Double cylinder deadbolt is on the door. I’m relatively new to this facility, but experience from managing luxury apartments tells me that this is against code.

    Appreciate your input here, and thank you in advance for your replies.
     
  2. cda

    cda Sawhorse

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    Welcome
     
  3. JPohling

    JPohling Sawhorse

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    Use? square footage? Do you have a plan layout? Some spaces can be compliant with a single exit. Code that your under?
     
  4. cda

    cda Sawhorse

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    Depends on a lot of factors

    when the building was built

    Has it been remodeled


    What is the use

    Yes what you see is acceptable with conditions.

    Will talk as it is built today::


    It should have an open/ locked indicator like this::


    http://i.ebayimg.com/images/g/md4AAOSwBahVPA3e/s-l300.jpg
     
    #4 cda, Sep 25, 2019
    Last edited: Sep 25, 2019
  5. Rick18071

    Rick18071 Sawhorse

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    1010.1.9.4 Bolt locks. Manually operated flush bolts or
    surface bolts are not permitted.
    Exceptions:
    1. On doors not required for egress in individual
    dwelling units or sleeping units.
    2. Where a pair of doors serves a storage or
    equipment room, manually operated edge- or
    surface-mounted bolts are permitted on the
    inactive leaf.
    3. Where a pair of doors serves an occupant load
    of less than 50 persons in a Group B, F or S
    occupancy, manually operated edge- or surface-
    mounted bolts are permitted on the inactive
    leaf. The inactive leaf shall not contain
    doorknobs, panic bars or similar operating
    hardware.
    4. Where a pair of doors serves a Group B, F or S
    occupancy, manually operated edge- or surface-
    mounted bolts are permitted on the inactive
    leaf provided such inactive leaf is not
    needed to meet egress capacity requirements
    and the building is equipped throughout with
    an automatic sprinkler system in accordance
    with Section 903.3.1.1. The inactive leaf shall
    not contain doorknobs, panic bars or similar
    operating hardware.
    5. Where a pair of doors serves patient care
    rooms in Group I-2 occupancies, self-latching
    leaf is not needed to meet egress capacity
    requirements and the inactive leaf shall not
    contain doorknobs, panic bars or similar operating
    hardware.

    1010.1.9.5 Unlatching. The unlatching of any door or
    leaf shall not require more than one operation.
    Exceptions:
    1. Places of detention or restraint.
    2. Where manually operated bolt locks are permitted
    by Section 1010.1.9.4.
    3. Doors with automatic flush bolts as permitted
    by Section 1010.1.9.3, Item 3.
    4. Doors from individual dwelling units and
    sleeping units of Group R occupancies as permitted
    by Section 1010.1.9.3, Item 4.

    1105.1 Public entrances. In addition to accessible entrances
    required by Sections 1105.1.1 through 1105.1.7, at least 60
    percent of all public entrances shall be accessible.
    Exceptions:
    1. An accessible entrance is not required to areas not
    required to be accessible.
    2. Loading and service entrances that are not the only
    entrance to a tenant space.

    1109.13 Controls, operating mechanisms and hardware.
    Controls, operating mechanisms and hardware intended for
    operation by the occupant, including switches that control
    lighting and ventilation and electrical convenience outlets, in
    accessible spaces, along accessible routes or as parts of
    accessible elements shall be accessible.
    Exceptions:
    1. Operable parts that are intended for use only by service
    or maintenance personnel shall not be required
    to be accessible.
    2. Electrical or communication receptacles serving a
    dedicated use shall not be required to be accessible.
    3. Where two or more outlets are provided in a kitchen
    above a length of counter top that is uninterrupted
    by a sink or appliance, one outlet shall not be
    required to be accessible.
    4. Floor electrical receptacles shall not be required to
    be accessible.
    5. HVAC diffusers shall not be required to be accessible.
    6. Except for light switches, where redundant controls
    are provided for a single element, one control in
    each space shall not be required to be accessible.
    7. Access doors or gates in barrier walls and fences
    protecting pools, spas and hot tubs shall be permitted
    to comply with Section 1008.1.9.2.
     
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  6. cda

    cda Sawhorse

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  7. ADAguy

    ADAguy Sawhorse

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    Then again and as usual, "It" depends.

     
  8. LGreene

    LGreene Sawhorse
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    A double-cylinder deadbolt is allowed on a business occupancy (and others) as long as certain criteria are met, and the model codes do not say that there has to be a second exit. The bolt locks section pasted above has to do with flush bolts and surface bolts on the active leaf of a pair, but here is the IBC section that addresses double-cylinder deadbolts:

    1010.1.9.4 Locks and latches. Locks and latches shall be permitted to prevent operation of doors where any of the following exist:
    2.In buildings in occupancy Group A having an occupant load of 300 or less, Groups B, F, M and
    S, and in places of religious worship, the main door or doors are permitted to be equipped with
    key-operated locking devices from the egress side provided:
    2.1.The locking device is readily distinguishable as locked.
    2.2.A readily visible durable sign is posted on the egress side on or adjacent to the door stating: THIS DOOR TO REMAIN UNLOCKED WHEN THIS SPACE IS OCCUPIED. The sign shall be in letters 1
    inch (25 mm) high on a contrasting back-ground.
    2.3.The use of the key-operated locking device is revocable by the building official for due cause.


    Coincidentally, I wrote about this topic on iDigHardware yesterday:
    https://idighardware.com/2019/09/double-cylinder-deadbolts-revisited/
    And here's the Decoded article that covers the basics:
    https://idighardware.com/2014/04/decoded-key-operated-locks-june-2014/
    Here's one more about deadbolts in general:
    https://idighardware.com/2018/08/decoded-deadbolts-in-a-means-of-egress-october-2018/
     
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  9. JPohling

    JPohling Sawhorse

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    It seems as if the OP is more concerned about there being only a single exit and not necessarily the door hardware.
    And that may be a concern but we cannot comment until we have additional information.
     
  10. LGreene

    LGreene Sawhorse
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    Oh - ok. The OP mentioned a double-cylinder deadbolt so that's where I went with it. The single exit would be allowed if the occupant load is less than 50, wouldn't it?
     
  11. JPohling

    JPohling Sawhorse

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    Would depend on travel distances to the exit and the occupancy and occupant load
     
  12. BMan

    BMan Registered User

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    20x25 retail office with one door and a bathroom in NY.
     
  13. JPohling

    JPohling Sawhorse

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    That should not be a problem with a single exit.
     
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  14. BMan

    BMan Registered User

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    Hmm. It’s against Fire Code for an apartment. Wonder why it’s ok for a business.
     
  15. cda

    cda Sawhorse

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    My take


    Apartment middle of night, disoriented and do not know where the key is.

    Business normally day time, people alert,,,,,

    door is normally unlocked for people to enter and leave, Or they don’t make money
     
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  16. ADAguy

    ADAguy Sawhorse

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    "Logical"
     

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