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Today in History

Discussion in 'Industry News' started by mark handler, Nov 21, 2019.

  1. mark handler

    mark handler Sawhorse

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    December 05 1876
    Hundreds die in Brooklyn theater fire
    A fire at the Brooklyn Theater in New York kills nearly 300 people and injures hundreds more on December 5, 1876. Some victims perished from a combination of burns and smoke inhalation; others were trampled to death in the general panic that ensued.
    The play The Two Orphans starring Harry S. Murdock and Kate Claxton was showing at the Brooklyn Theater on the night of December 5. The theater, built five years earlier at the corner of Johnson and Washington streets, was very popular at the time and all 900 seats were filled. Sometime near the start of the performance, a gas light ignited some extra scenery stored in the fly space behind the stage. It wasn’t until midway through the play that stagehands noticed the quickly spreading flames. Unfortunately, there were no fire hoses or water buckets at hand and the fire spread, unbeknownst to the cast and audience.
    Finally, someone shouted “Fire!” and despite Murdock’s best attempt to calm the crowd, bedlam ensued, particularly in the balcony and rear of the theater. A narrow staircase was the only the exit from the balcony (there were no fire escapes) and panic resulted in a stampede in which many were crushed and others remained trapped. Meanwhile, the fire grew out of control. Witnesses saw Murdock return to the dressing room to change clothes; he then tried to wiggle out of a small window. He couldn’t get through, and died when the floor gave way and he fell to the basement.
    By the time firefighters arrived it was too late for hundreds of people. The fire raged through the night and destroyed nearly the entire building. When would-be rescuers were finally able to get in, all they found were bodies melted together. Up to 100 of the victims were burned beyond recognition and could not be identified. A mass grave was set up at the Green-Wood Cemetery. In all, approximately 295 people died. A 30-foot-high granite memorial was later erected in their honor by the city of Brooklyn.
     
  2. mark handler

    mark handler Sawhorse

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    New York, NY Wall Collapses Into Tenement Building, Dec 05 1946
    46 TRAPPED IN TENEMENT FIRE
    8 KNOWN DEAD; 38 BURIED UNDER TONS OF DEBRIS.
    CRUMBLING WALL CRASHES INTO BUILDING.
    New York (AP) -- At least eight persons were dead and 38 others, including children, were believed buried under tons of debris following a five-alarm fire early today in an abandoned icehouse on Manhattan's upper West Side, which caused a five-story wall to collapse, crumpling an adjoining tenement building.
    Police and firemen, digging frantically against time, removed four bodies from the wreckage and said they had sighted four more. Nearby hospitals admitted more than a score of injured. Ambulances were rushed to the scene and a first aid station was set up.
    The identified dead are FRANK MOOREHEAD, 27-year-old, fireman; ANTHONY BLANCARDI, 11; DANIEL CORRADO, 25; and THOMAS PHILLIPS, 70. All except the fireman were residents of the tenement building.
    THOMAS P. BROPHY, fire marshal, said the cause of the fire was not known. A small rubbish fire had been extinguished the day before in the ice plant, located at 484 W. 184th st.
    Six children between the ages of four and 12 years old, who had played in the icehouse Wednesday, were questioned by police in an effort to learn whether they might have started the fire.
    The noise of the toppling walls caused first reports to list the disaster as an explosion.
    The pile of debris from the tenement building was as high as the second story. One portion of the tenement was flattened the other wrecked by the force of the collapse, which virtually sheared the building in half.
    Blood plasma units were available at the scene. Priests from a nearby parish clambered over the debris to administer last rites as two derricks bit into the wreckage.
    Police pulled from the wreckage JOSEPH POPER, JR.,nine years old. He had cried and shouted until help reached him. He said his brother and sister still were trapped.
    NICK SLOAN, 29, also was pulled out alive. He guided rescuers by shouting and throwing stones and rubble. His wife, brother and two little daughters still are missing.
    Emergency crews tearing at the wreckage with bars, picks and bare hands came across the pitiful remnants of gaily wrapped Christmas packages, holly and bits of tinsel.
    One priest, the REV. DAVID REN, climbed a ladder to reach a broken body and gave last rites. He also saw the legs and feet of two others protruding from the wreckage.
    Mayor WILLIAM O'DWYER rushed to the scene and promised an investigation. Crowds watched rescue efforts from nearby rooftops and police roped off nearby streets.
    Among those listed as missing were a mother, MRS. EDITH DIRICA, 31 and three children, CHARLES, 12, MARGARET 5, and MARY, six months.
    The collapse came 15 minutes after the fire broke out at 12:10 A. M. CHARLES WHITECROFF, nearby resident, said the cavein "felt like an earthquake" and was followed by "terrible screaming of children."
    After the collapse, firemen heard frantic cries from the ruins and were able to drag out a number of victims.
    DR. HARRY M. ARCHER, Fire Department surgeon, said he had crawled into the rubble and had given a hypodermic injection to a woman who clutched the dead body of a young boy.
    The REV. JOSEPH A. BOYLE, Fire Department chaplain, also went into the ruins. He said he heard a woman calling weakly, "Please get me out of here. I'm all right." Firemen worked toward her.
    Many of the more than 200 firemen at the scene formed a human chain, passing bricks, wood, masonry and smashed furniture to the street so rescue crews could dig deeper.
    One crew of firemen tunneled with their hands through six feet of wreckage to reach a young girl, still alive. She was given a hypodermic injection. A fireman wept with relief as he carried to safety a small boy who was still able to smile, though injured.
    Syracuse Herald-Journal New York 1946-12-12
    ---------------------------------
    ABANDON HOPE FOR 15 BURIED
    STEAM SHOVELS CLEAN DEBRIS.
    New York (AP) -- Weary workers who dug the bodies of 21 persons from the wreckage of a collapsed, tenement house in a slow, grim procession of death gave up hope today for the lives of 15 others believed buried under tons of rubble.
    As the broken body of ROSE FUCCI, 15, was extricated from the ruins, police said they planned to set three steam shovels to work on the ruins of the building in which more than 30 were injured. Workers had previously carefully dug by hand because they feared heavy machinery would cause more crashes.
    The building at 2515 Amsterdam ave. in upper Manhattan, which housed 22 families, was smashed early thursday by a two-foot thick wall of an adjoining ice house which toppled on it after a five-alarm fire in the ice house.
    Rescue workers toiled all night in the glare of huge searchlights which played over the six-story structure's gaunt remains.
    Continued on http://www.gendisasters.com/new-york/1901/new-york,-ny-wall-collapses-tenement-building,-dec-1946?page=0,1
     
  3. TheCommish

    TheCommish Sawhorse

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    December 6, 1907,
    The Monongah coal mine disaster kills 361
    In West Virginia’s Marion County, an explosion in a network of mines owned by the Fairmont Coal Company in Monongah kills 361 coal miners. It was the worst mining disaster in American history.

    Citation linked here
     
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  4. mark handler

    mark handler Sawhorse

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    [​IMG]
    Investigation of the December 6, 2007 Fatal Parking Garage Collapse
    at Berkman Plaza 2 in Jacksonville, FL
    On December 6, 2007 at approximately 6:15 a.m. an incident occurred during the construction of a five-story concrete parking garage in downtown Jacksonville, FL. The location is 500 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, FL. One construction employee was killed and twenty-one were injured. The incident occurred when the 6th parking level was being cast with fresh concrete.
    The Regional Administrator, Region IV, requested the Directorate of Construction (DOC), OSHA National Office, Washington, DC to provide engineering assistance to the Jacksonville Area office. A structural engineer visited the incident site and examined the failed structure on December 11, 2007. The same structural engineer made a subsequent visit to the site on January 8, 2008.
    Subsequently, DOC investigated the incident, analyzed the structure for the design loads and for to the construction loads placed at the time that the 6th level was being cast. This document includes the report and the conclusions reached.
    The garage is a poured-in-place concrete structure measuring approximately 116 ft. x 252 ft. There was no basement in the garage and it consisted of six levels including the ground level, called the 1st level. The roof was the 6th level and was designed for parking as well. The parking garage was a part of a bigger project, a 23-story condominium tower, called Berkman Plaza II. Structurally, the parking garage is a separate structure from the tower. The structure design consisted of cast-in-place one way continuous post-tensioned slabs in the north-south direction and post-tensioned beams in the east-west direction. The columns were also cast in place. There were seven bays in the north-south direction and two in the east-west direction. The bays were unequal and, therefore, the thickness of the slabs varied. The lateral load-resisting system consisted of cast-in-place shear walls enclosing the stairwells and some additional shear walls on the north side. See Fig. 1 for a typical plan of the garage. For the purpose of his report, the prefix "G", meaning garage, has been omitted for identifying column grid lines.
    https://www.osha.gov/doc/engineering/2007_12_06.html
     
  5. mark handler

    mark handler Sawhorse

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    Dec. 6 1884 - The construction of the Washington Monument was completed by Army engineers. The project took 34 years
     
  6. my250r11

    my250r11 Sawhorse

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    Isn't this the one they say is still burning?

     
  7. mark handler

    mark handler Sawhorse

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    You may be thinking of this one
    The Centralia mine fire is a coal-seam fire that has been burning underneath the borough of Centralia, Pennsylvania, United States, since at least May 27, 1962. The original cause of the fire is still a matter of debate.
     
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  8. fatboy

    fatboy Administrator

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    Thanks for posting these Mark.........mostly sad, but interesting.

    I did not realize the Washington Monument was that old.
     
  9. Glenn

    Glenn Corporate Supporter
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    The hardest video on this subject I have ever seen is one on youtube about the Station Nightclub. It's not a fancy video. It's raw footage of someone that made it out. Video starts inside as this person exits early and then it continues horribly from there.

    It's just plain horrible, but everyone should watch it at least once. Everyone. Not for entertainment, but for awareness of how fast things can go sour.
     
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  10. mark handler

    mark handler Sawhorse

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    Dec 7 1946: Fire engulfs Winecoff Hotel
    Fire broke out at the Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, killing 119 people, including hotel founder W. Frank Winecoff. Advertised as "absolutely fireproof", the Winecoff was a 15-story hotel downtown Atlanta, originally constructed in 1912. Of the 304 guests in the hotel that night, 119 died, about 65 were injured and about 120 were rescued uninjured.
     

    Attached Files:

  11. TheCommish

    TheCommish Sawhorse

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    The video was shot by cameraman Brian Butler, a Providence new station videographer doing a story on nigh club safety.

    I recommend anyone in the coe enforce profession read this book;

    John Barylick, "Killer Show: The Station Nightclub Fire, America's Deadliest Rock Concert."
     
  12. TheCommish

    TheCommish Sawhorse

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    DECEMBER 22, 1910 - CHICAGO, IL 21 Firefighters Killed.

    On December 22, 1910, The Chicago Union Stock Yards Fire resulted in the deaths of 21 firefighters, which until September 11, 2001 was the largest single instance of firefighter line of duty deaths in the United States.

    It was 24 degrees outside at 4 a.m. on Dec. 22, 1910, the first full day of winter. In the unlit basement of a packing house in the Union Stock Yards, that coal-black cold was being replaced by the glow of sparking wires, and then the first flames of a fire fed by combustibles ranging from rags to raw meat.
    Within little more than an hour, that fire would grow to engulf warehouse No. 7 of the Morris & Co. plant. Then, in a few horrendous seconds, it would turn the nearly windowless brick building at 44th and Loomis streets from just another meat-packing operation into a graveyard.

    Until the collapse of the World Trade Center’s twin towers on Sept. 11, 2001, no single disaster in the history of the United States claimed the lives of more firefighters.

    Credit through Roy Liard Jr. to Facebook group Fire Service Line of Duty Deaths linked here
     
  13. TheCommish

    TheCommish Sawhorse

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    Italian Hall Disaster” of December 24, 1913.


    It’s oft-repeated that, in spite of our freedom of speech, one still can’t yell “fire!” in a crowded room. For a chilling illustration, look no further than the event known as the “Italian Hall Disaster” of December 1913.

    Calumet’s Italian Hall was a two-story building with a single steep stairway leading to the second floor. Hundreds of partygoers gathered upstairs to eat, drink, and be merry that night. What exactly happened next is uncertain. Someone yelled, “fire!” into the crowded room, likely from the foot of the stairs, even though there was no fire.

    Revelers rushed to escape the apparent blaze. Seventy-three people—59 of them children—died in the ensuing stampede. They were either trampled underfoot suffocated in the crush of bodies.

    source material linked here
     
  14. mark handler

    mark handler Sawhorse

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    upload_2020-3-10_7-32-17.png
    Mar. 10 1933: Long Beach earthquake
    An earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 6.3 struck Southern California, U.S. With its epicenter in Long Beach, it resulted in the death of more than 115 people and severely damaged buildings throughout the region
     
  15. TheCommish

    TheCommish Sawhorse

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    New London Consolidated School explosion
    March 18, 1937

     
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  16. mark handler

    mark handler Sawhorse

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    March 17th 1909 - Taiwan Earthquake
    A powerful earthquake and aftershocks rock Taiwan , killing over 1,200 people.
    The 1909 April 14 Taiwan earthquake caused significant damage in Taipei. Most of the information on this earthquake available until now is from the written reports on its macro-seismic effects and from seismic station bulletins. In view of the importance of this event for assessing the shaking hazard in the present-day Taipei, we collected historical seismograms and station bulletins of this event and investigated them in conjunction with other seismological data. We compared the observed seismograms with those from recent earthquakes in similar tectonic environments to characterize the 1909 earthquake. Despite the inevitably large uncertainties associated with old data, we conclude that the 1909 Taipei earthquake is a relatively deep (50–100 km) intraplate earthquake that occurred within the subducting Philippine Sea Plate beneath Taipei with an estimated MW of 7 ± 0.3. Some intraplate events elsewhere in the world are enriched in high-frequency energy and the resulting ground motions can be very strong. Thus, despite its relatively large depth and a moderately large magnitude, it would be prudent to review the safety of the existing structures in Taipei against large intraplate earthquakes like the 1909 Taipei earthquake.
    upload_2020-3-17_6-31-38.png
     
  17. mark handler

    mark handler Sawhorse

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    Sad
     
  18. TheCommish

    TheCommish Sawhorse

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